I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth.3 John 1:4

African-American Heritage

Upcoming Events/Announcements

5th Sunday Children’s Program:  “Our History Comes to Life”

  • June 30th – Celebrating our Black Entrepreneurs partnering with the FMBC Economic Empowerment Ministry.
  • September 29th – Celebrating our Organizations including PanHellenic, Jack and Jill of America, Eastern Star, Masonic Society, etc.  Registration will be required.  We invite you to wear your colors to show your affiliation.

 

 

Suggested Reading List

Edwin Blum and Paul Harvey:   “The Color of Christ:  The Son of God sand Saga of Race in America”

James Baldwin: “Collected Essays: Note of the Native Son /Nobody Knows My Name/The Fire Next Time/ No Name in the Street/ The Devil Finds Work”

Colson Whitehead: “The Underground Railroad”

Jesmym Ward: “The Fire This Time: A New Generation Speaks about Race”

Ralph Ellison: “Invisible Race”

Michelle Alexander: “The New Jim Crow”

Ta-Nehisi Coates: “Between the World and Me”

Bryan Stevenson: “Just Mercy”

Carter G. Woodson: “The Mis-Education of the Negro”

W.E.B. Dubois: “The Souls of Black Folks”

Ta-Nejisa Coates: “The Beautiful Struggle”

Laila Ibrahim: “Yellow Moore”

Cynthia Bond: “Ruby”

Henry Hampton and Steve Fayeer: “Voices of Freedom” (Companion to the acclaimed TV series “Eye on the Prize”)

James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Hilton: “Slavery and the Making of America”

May 31, 1921
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The ​Tulsa​ ​race​ ​riot​ was a large-scale, racially motivated conflict on May 31 and June 1, 1921, in which a group of whites attacked the black community of ​Tulsa​, Oklahoma.

May 30, 1903
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Countee (Coun-tay) Cullen​, ​born as Coleman Rutherford, was an African-American poet, author and scholar who was a leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance.

May 29, 1973
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Thomas Bradley was elected as Los Angeles 1​st​ African-American Mayor, and one of America’s most powerful elected officials.

May 27, 1936
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Louis Gossett Jr.​was born in Brooklyn, NY. Gossett won an Academy Award for his role in the movie "An  Officer and a Gentleman."

May 26, 1926
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​Jazz trumpeter ​Miles Davis​ born.

May 24, 1854
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Lincoln University (Pa.), the first black college, is founded.​ is the United States' first degree-granting historically black university​. Founded as a private university in 1854, it has been a public institution since 1972. Its main campus is located on 422 acres near the town of ​Oxford​ in southern ​Chester County, Pennsylvania.

May 23, 1921
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Shuffle Along, the musical review opened on Broadway in 1921. It was written, produced, directed and performed by African -Americans. It helped launch the careers of Josephine Baker, Adelaide Hall, Fredi Washington to name a few. The musical also ushered in the era of the Harlem Renaissance.

May 20, 1763
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​Francois-Dominque Touissant L'Overture born. Led the Great Haitian Slave Revolt.. He was even responsible  for defeating the armies of that period's greatest conqueror, Napoleon Bonaparte. Tricked into accepting an invitation from a French General to discuss matters of state, Toussaint was captured by French forces.

May 19, 1925
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​Malcolm X​ born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Neb. and later also known as ​el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz​ was an ​African-American​ ​Muslim​ minister and ​human rights activist​. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching ​racism​ and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential ​African Americans​ in history.

May 17, 1954
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U.S. Supreme Court declares segregation in public schools unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education decision.

May 16, 1884
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Isaac Burns Murphy won his 1​st​ Kentucky Derby 1884. Then proceed to win back to back Kentucky Derbies in 1890 & 1891. Isaac is the 1st​ jockey to win the Kentucky Derby 3 times.

May 11, 1976
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The Villa Lewaro in Greenburgh, NY, was designated a national historic landmark. Villa Lewaro had been the home of African-American millionaire Madame C.J. Walker.

May 10, 1994
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In South Africa, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is sworn in as the first black president of South Africa. In his inaugural address, Mandela, who spent 27 years of his life as a political prisoner of the South African government, declared that “the time for the healing of the wounds has come.”

May 6, 1991
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The Smithsonian Institution approves the creation of the National African American Museum.

May 4, 1961
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The 1​st​ Freedom Ride left ​Washington, D.C.​, and was scheduled to arrive in ​New Orleans​ on May 17. ​Freedom Riders were ​civil rights​ activists who rode interstate buses into the ​segregated​ ​southern United States​ in 1961 and subsequent years in order to challenge the non-enforcement of the ​United States Supreme Court​ decisions ​Morgan v. Virginia​ (1946) and ​Boynton v. Virginia (1960), which ruled that segregated public buses were unconstitutional. The Southern states had ignored the rulings and the federal government did nothing to enforce them.

May 3, 1933
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James Brown was born near Barnwell, SC 1933, was an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and bandleader. The creator of ​funk​ music and a major figure of ​20th century​ ​popular music​ and dance, he is often referred to as the "Godfather of ​Soul​".In a career that spanned six decades, he influenced the development of several music genres.

May 2, 1844
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Elijah J. McCoy​ was a Canadian-American ​inventor​ and engineer who was notable for his 57 U.S. ​patents​, most having to do with the lubrication of steam engines. Born free in Canada, he returned as a five-year-old with his family to the United States in 1847, where he lived for the rest of his life and became a U.S. citizen. Source of the phrase "the real Mc Coy" .

May 1, 1950
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Gwendolyn Brooks, poet, first Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize (poetry) in 1950. Brooks was born in Topeka, Kansas but grew up in Chicago. She is a witty poet who satirizes blacks and whites and attacks racial discrimination. She uses black language and rituals to proclaim black solidarity.

7110430
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General Tarik al Gibral, a Nafza Berber after whom the famed "Rock of Gibralter" is named, crossed to Andalus (Spain under the Visigoths) with a force of seven thousand troops. After several battles in which the Visigoths were completely routed, the Moorish-Berber-Arab force marched from city to city until the entire peninsula was under their control by 715AD.. Thus would begin the Moorish occupation of Spain, to which Europe owes greatly the benefits of the Renaissance, which would last well into the 15th Century.

April 29, 1992
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First day of L.A riots, sparked by acquittal of four white cops in the beating of Rodney King, which resulted in at least 50 deaths, thousands injured and estimates of up to $1 billion in property damage.

April 28, 1971
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Samuel Lee Gravely Jr. became the first Black admiral in the U.S. Navy.

April 27, 1903
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Maggie L. Walker named president of Richmond's St. Luke Bank and Trust Company and became the first Black woman to head a bank.

April 26, 1844
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Jim Beckwourth discovered a path through the Sierra Nevada Mountains that now bear his name. Beckwourth Pass on U.S. Alt 40 between Reno, Nevada and Sacramento, California made overland travel to the gold fields of California possible.

April 25, 1972
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Major General Frederic E. Davidson first African American to lead an Army division.

April 24, 1950
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The United Negro College Fund was founded.

April 23, 1954
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Hank Aaron hit his first home run off pitcher Vic Raschi of the St. Louis Cardinals on April 23, 1954, his first year in the big leagues. It signaled the beginning of what has become Aarons duel with a legend. Aaron finished his 19th season with 673 home runs and stands just 41 short of the record set by the home run king, Babe Ruth.

April 22, 1596
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The first recorded slave revolt occurs in Stono, S.C.

April 21, 1878
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The ship Barque Azor left Charleston with 206 Black emigrants bound for Liberia.

April 20, 1971
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U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that busing was a constitutionally acceptable method of integrating public schools.

April 19, 1947
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Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American major league baseball player

April 18, 1955
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Bill Russell named coach of the Boston Celtics basketball team and became the first Black to coach an established team in professional athletics.

April 17, 1758
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Francis Williams, first U.S. Black college graduate, publishes a poem book in Latin.

April 16, 1965
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Maj. Gen. B.O. Davis Jr., assistant deputy chief of staff of the U.S. Air Force, named lieutenant general, the highest rank attained by a Black to date in the armed services.

April 15, 1996
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South Africa's "truth commission", looking into abuses during the apartheid era, began its public hearings.

April 15, 1980
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Zimbabwe, formerly known as Rhodesia gains its independence.

April 14, 1868
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South Carolina voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228, and elected state officers, including the first Black cabinet officer, Francis L. Cardozo, secretary of state. New constitution required integrated education and contained a strong bill of rights section: "Distinctions on account of race or color, in any case whatever, shall be prohibited, and all classes of citizens shall enjoy equally all common, public, legal and political privileges."

April 13, 1966
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Andrew F. Brimmer, economist and former Professor of Economics at University of Pennsylvania, is nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson to serve as a Governor of the Federal Reserve System. This appointment represented the first black to serve in this capacity.

April 12, 1861
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Confederate soldiers attacked Fort Sumter, in the Charleston, S.C., harbor

April 11, 1881
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Spelman College, an institution sponsored by John D. Rockefeller's family, opened for Negro women in Atlanta, Georgia. It became the "Radcliffe and the Sarah Lawrence of Negro education.

April 10, 1943
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Arthur Ashe, first African American Davis Cup team member, first African American to win the U.S. Open and the men's singles title at Wimbledon in in 1975, born.

April 9, 1939
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Marian Anderson performs for 65,000 on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial after she is refused admission to the Daughters of the American Revolution's Constitutional Hall.

April 9, 1866
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Civil Rights Bill passed over the president's veto. The bill conferred citizenship on Blacks and gave them "the same right, in every State and Territory... as is enjoyed by white citizens."

April 8, 1990
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Percy Julian, developer of drugs to combat glaucoma and methods to mass produce cortisone and George Washington Carver are the first African American Inventors admitted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in the hall's 17-year history.

April 7, 1940
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The first U.S. stamp ever to honor an African American is issued bearing the likeness of Booker T. Washington.

April 7, 1867
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Johnson C.Smith University is founded in Charlotte, N.C.

April 6, 1909
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Matthew Henson reached the North Pole. Traveling with the Admiral Peary Expedition, Henson, with his exceptional navigational skills managed to reach the North Pole almost 45 minutes before Peary and the rest of the men.

April 6, 1909
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Colin Luther Powell was born In New York, New York.

April 5, 1937
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Booker Taliaferro Washington (Booker T. Washington) was born in Hale's Ford, Virginia.

April 5, 1856
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Richard Parsons, CEO of Dime Savings Bank, the first African American CEO of a large non minority U.S. savings institution, born.

April 4, 1942
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Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated by white sniper in Memphis, Tennessee.

April 4, 1968
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Death of Carter G. Woodson (74), "father of Black history," Washington, D.C.

April 3, 1962
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In retaliation against a Black Boycott of downtown stores, the Birmingham, AL, City Commission voted not to pay the city's $45,000 share of a $100,000 county program which supplied surplus food to the needy. More than 90 percent of the recipients of aid were Black. When the NAACP protested the Commission decision, Birmingham Mayor Arthur J Hanes dismissed their complaint as a "typical reaction from New York Socialist radicals".

April 2, 1855
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John Mercer Langston, considered the first African American to be elected to public office is elected clerk of Brownhelm, Ohio Township.

April 1, 1868
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Hampton University was established in 1868 as a school for blacks. Hampton University was known prior to August 1984 as Hampton Institute. The university is a private coeducational institution in Hampton, Virginia. Its undergraduate college is still known as Hampton Institute.