I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth.3 John 1:4

African-American Heritage

Upcoming Events/Announcements

AAHM presents: A Genealogy Workshop, January 27th from 9am – 3pm.  Donation is $12.00 and includes lunch and materials.  Click Here to Register

SAVE THE DATE:  February 11, 2018
McCrorey Heights Discussion with community historian, Dr. Tom Hanchett and filmmaker, Ken Koontz

Suggested Reading List

Edwin Blum and Paul Harvey:   “The Color of Christ:  The Son of God sand Saga of Race in America”

James Baldwin: “Collected Essays: Note of the Native Son /Nobody Knows My Name/The Fire Next Time/ No Name in the Street/ The Devil Finds Work”

Colson Whitehead: “The Underground Railroad”

Jesmym Ward: “The Fire This Time: A New Generation Speaks about Race”

Ralph Ellison: “Invisible Race”

Michelle Alexander: “The New Jim Crow”

Ta-Nehisi Coates: “Between the World and Me”

Bryan Stevenson: “Just Mercy”

Carter G. Woodson: “The Mis-Education of the Negro”

W.E.B. Dubois: “The Souls of Black Folks”

Ta-Nejisa Coates: “The Beautiful Struggle”

Laila Ibrahim: “Yellow Moore”

Cynthia Bond: “Ruby”

Henry Hampton and Steve Fayeer: “Voices of Freedom” (Companion to the acclaimed TV series “Eye on the Prize”)

James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Hilton: “Slavery and the Making of America”

February 28, 1708

Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island (N.Y.). Seven whites killed. Two Black male slaves and an Indian slave were hanged, and a Black woman was burned alive

February 27, 1833

Maria W. Steward delivered one of the four speeches which confirmed her place in history as the first American-born woman to give public lectures. Stewards lectures focused on encouraging African-Americans to attain education, political rights, and public recognition for their achievements. Her speech on this day was titled "On African Rights and Liberty."

February 26, 1869

Fifteenth Amendment guaranteeing the right to vote sent to the states for ratification

February 25, 1839

Seminoles and their Black allies shipped from Tampa Bay, Florida, to the West.

February 24, 1864

Rebecca Lee Crumpler becomes the first black woman to receive an M.D. degree. She graduated from the New England Female Medical College.

February 23, 1868

Dr.William Edward Burghardt DuBois, educator and civil rights advocate, is born in Great Barrington, MA.

February 22, 1989

DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince win the first rap Grammy for the hit single "Parents Just Don't Understand”.

February 21, 1936

Barbara Jordan, who will be the first African American woman elected to the House of Representatives is born.

February 20, 1927

Sidney Poitier, who will be the first African-American to win an Academy Award in a starring role, is born in Miami, Fl.

February 19, 1942

The Army Air Corps' all African American 100th Pursuit Squadron, later designated a fighter squadron, was activated at Tuskegee Institute. The squadron served honorably in England and in other regions of the European continent during World War II.

February 18, 1688

First formal protest against slavery by organized white body in English America made by Germantown (Pa.) Quakers at monthly meeting. The historic "Germantown Protest" denounced slavery and the slave trade.

February 17, 1997

Virginia House of Delegates votes unanimously to retire the state song, "Carry me back to old virginia" , a tune which glorifies slavery.

February 16, 1857

Frederick Douglass elected President of Freedman Bank and Trust.

February 15, 1804

The New Jersey Legislature approved a law calling for "gradual" emancipation of African Americans. In so doing, New Jersey became the last Northern state to outlaw slavery.

February 14, 1867

Morehouse College organized in Augusta, Georgia. The institution was later moved to Atlanta. New registration law in Tennessee abolished racial distinctions in voting

February 13, 1956

Southern Christian Leadership Conference organized at New Orleans meeting with Martin Luther King Jr. as president.

February 12, 1909

Founded in 1909 in New York City by a group of black and white citizens committed to social justice, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the nation's largest and strongest civil rights organization.

February 11, 1961

Robert Weaver sworn in as administrator of the Housing and Home Finance Agency, highest federal post to date by a Black American. The Robert C. Weaver Federal Building, located at 451 Seventh Street, SW, Washington, DC, is a ten story federal office building. The cornerstone for the building was laid in November 1966. The building was formally opened and dedicated by Secretary Robert C. Weaver on September 9, 1968, and renamed in his honor July 11, 2000.

February 10, 1989

Attorney Ronald Brown was elected national chairman of the Democratic Party and became the first African American to hold the post. Brown was later appointed Secretary of Commerce under the Clinton administration in 1994. He served in this capacity until he was killed in 1996 when he and 32 others died in a plane crash while on a diplomatic mission in Croatia.

February 9, 1971

Baseball Hall of Fame inducts Leroy "Satchel" Paige.

February 8, 1894

Congress repeals the Enforcement Act which makes it easier for some states to disenfranchise African American voters.

February 7, 1926

Negro History week originated by Carter G. Woodson is observed for the first time. He announced the institution of Negro History Week, which coincided with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. In 1976, the observance was expanded to "National Afro-American History Month," in honor of the nation's bicentennial. Beginning in 1975, U.S. Presidents have paid tribute to the mission of the association and urged all Americans to celebrate Afro-American History Month.

February 6, 1820

The first organized emigration back to Africa begins when 86 free African Americans leave New York Harbor aboard the Mayflower of Liberia. They are bound for the British colony of Sierra Leone, which welcomes free African Americans as well as fugitive slaves.

February 5, 1990

Columbia University graduate and Harvard University law student Barack Obama became the first African American named president of the Harvard Law Review.

February 4, 1913

Rosa Parks (born Rosa Louise McCauley) was born on this day in Tuskegee, Alabama.

February 3, 1956

Autherine J. Lucy becomes the first black student to attend the University of Alabama. She was expelled three days later "for her own safety" in response to threats from a mob. In 1992 Autherine Lucy Foster graduated from the University with a master’s degree in education. The same day, her daughter, Grazia Foster, graduated with a bachelor’s degree in corporate finance.

February 2, 1948

President Truman sent Congress a special message urging adoption of a civil rights program, including a fair employment practices commission and anti-lynching and anti-poll tax measures.

February 1, 1960

Four students form North Carolina A&T College started Sit-in movement at Greensboro, N.C., five-and-dime store. By February 10 movement had spread to fifteen Southern cities in five states.

January 31, 1986

August Wilson's Fences, starring James Earl Jones, opens at Chicago's Goodman Theatre.

January 30, 1979

Franklin Thomas named president of Ford Foundation.

January 29, 1926

Violette Nealy Anderson becomes the first Black woman lawyer to argue a case before the U.S. Supreme Court.

January 28, 1787

Free African Society organized in Philadelphia.

January 27, 1961

Leontyne Price made her Metropolitan Opera debut.

January 26, 1954

Dr. Theodore K. Lawless, dermatologist, awarded the Springarn Medal for his research in skin-related diseases.

January 25, 1851

Sojourner Truth addresses the first Black Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio.

January 24, 1865

Congress passes 13th Amendment which, on ratification, abolished slavery in America.

January 23, 1891

Dr. Daniel Hale Williams founds Provident Hospital in Chicago, one of the first schools of nursing for black students in the U. S.

January 22, 1949

James Robert Gladden becomes first African American certified in orthopedic surgery.

January 21, 1936

Former Congressman Barbara Jordan born.

January 20, 1977

Patricia Roberts Harris becomes U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the first black woman to hold a Cabinet position.

January 19, 1969

UCLA renames its social science buildings to honor alumnus Ralph Bunche.

January 18, 1856

Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, pioneer heart surgeon, born.

January 17, 1942

Three-time heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali born.

January 16, 1978

NASA names Black astronauts: Maj. Frederick D. Gregory, Maj. Guion S. Bluford, and Dr. Ronald McNair (pictured).

January 15, 1908

Alpha Kappa Alpha, first African American sorority, is founded at Howard University.

January 14, 1975

William T. Coleman named U.S. Secretary of Transportation.

January 13, 1913

Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Incorporated becomes the 2nd Black Greek Letter Organization.

January 13, 1990

L. Douglas Wilder becomes first African American U.S. governor (Virginia) since Reconstruction.

January 12, 1948

U.S. Supreme Court rules that African Americans have the right to study law at state institutions.

January 11, 1985

Reuben V. Anderson, first African American to be appointed to Mississippi Supreme Court.

January 10, 1864

George Washington Carver, agricultural scientist, born.

January 9, 1866

Fisk University is founded in Nashville.

January 8, 1811

Charles Deslondes leads slave revolt in Louisiana.

January 7, 1890

William B. Purvis patents fountain pen.

January 6, 1831

The World Anti-Slavery Convention opens in London.

January 5, 1943

George Washington Carver, agricultural scientist, died.

January 4, 1971

Congressional Black Caucus formed.

January 3, 1624

William Tucker was the first person of African ancestry born in the 13 British Colonies. His birth symbolized the beginnings of a distinct African American identity along the eastern coast of what would eventually become the United States. William Tucker was born in 1624 near Jamestown, Virginia, the son of “Antoney and Isabell,” two African indentured servants.

January 2, 1965

Martin Luther King, Jr. calls for non-violent protests if Alabama Blacks are not allowed to register and vote.

January 1, 1863

President Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation.

December 31, 1930

Odetta, blues and folk singer, born

December 30, 1842

Congressman Josiah Walls born.

December 29, 1924

Author, sportswriter A.S. "Doc" Young born.

December 28, 1905

Earl "Fatha" Hines, "Father of Modern Jazz Piano", born.

December 27, 1862

African Methodist Episcopal Zion church founded in New Bern, North Carolina.

December 26, 1894

Jean Toomer, author of Cane, born.

December 25, 1760

Jupiter Hammon becomes first published Black poet with his poem, "An Evening Thought".

December 24, 1832

Charter granted to the Georgia Infirmary, the first Black hospital.

December 23, 1832

Madam C.J. Walker, businesswoman and first African American woman millionaire, born.

December 22, 1943

W.E. B. DuBois becomes the first African American elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters.

December 21, 1911

Baseball legend Josh Gibson born.

December 20, 1860

South Carolina secedes from the Union.

December 19, 1875

Educator Carter G. Woodson, "father of Black history", born.

December 18, 1971

Rev. Jesse Jackson founds Operation PUSH.

December 17, 1802

Teacher and Minister Henry Adams born.

December 16, 1976

Andrew Young nominated by President Jimmy Carter to be U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations.

December 15, 1883

William A. Hinton, first African American on Harvard Medical School faculty and developer of the Hinton test to detect syphilis, born.

December 14, 1829

John Mercer Langston, congressman and founder of Howard University Law Department, born.

December 13, 1944

First African American servicewomen sworn into the United States Naval Reserves or Women Accepted for Voluntary Service (WAVES).

December 12, 1899

George F. Grant patents golf tee.

December 11, 1938

Jazz pianist McCoy Tyner born.

December 10, 1950

Dr. Ralph J. Bunche becomes first Black awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

December 9, 1872

P.B.S. Pinchback of Louisiana becomes first African American governor in U.S.

December 8, 1925

Entertainer Sammy Davis Jr. born.

December 7, 1941

Doris “Dorie” Miller, U.S. Navy, shoots down four Japanese planes during attack on Pearl Harbor

December 6, 1936

Richard Francis Jones becomes first African American certified in urology.

December 5, 1955

Martin Luther King, Jr. organizes Birmingham bus boycott, marking the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement.

December 4, 1909

The New York Amsterdam News is founded by James A. Anderson.

December 3, 1847

Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of North Star.

December 2, 1884

Granville T. Woods patents telephone transmitter.

December 1, 1987

Carrie Saxon Perry begins her term as the mayor of Hartford, Conn., becoming first Black woman mayor of a major U.S. city.

November 30, 1897

J.A. Sweeting patents cigarette-rolling device.

November 29, 1908

Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall born.

November 28, 1960

Novelist Richard Wright dies.

November 27, 1990

Charles Johnson awarded National Book Award for fiction for Middle Passage.

November 26, 1970

Charles Gordone becomes the first Black playwright to receive the Pulitzer Prize (for No Place to Be Somebody).

November 25, 1975

Suriname gains independence from the Netherlands.

November 24, 1868

Pianist, Scott Joplin, the "Father of Ragtime", born.

November 23, 1897

A.J. Beard patents the "Jenny Coupler", still in use today to connect railroad cars. John L. Love patents pencil sharpener.

November 22, 1930

Elijah Muhammed establishes the Nation of Islam.

November 21, 1893

Granville T. Woods patents electric railway conduit.

November 20, 1865

Howard Seminary (later Howard University) founded in Washington, D.C.

November 19, 1953

Roy Campanella named Most Valuable Player in National League Baseball for the second time.

November 18, 1787

Abolitionist and women's right activist Sojourner Truth born.

November 17, 1980

WHHM, the first African American-operated radio station, goes on the air at Howard University.

November 16, 1981

Pam Johnson named publisher of the Ithaca (NY) Journal, becoming the first African American woman to head a daily newspaper.

November 15, 1881

Payton Johnson patents swinging chair.

November 14, 1915

Booker T. Washington, educator and writer, died.

November 13, 1894

Albert C. Richardson patents casket-lowering device.

November 12, 1941

Madame Lillian Evanti founds the National Negro Opera Company.

November 11, 1989

Civil Rights Memorial is dedicated in Montgomery, Ala.

November 10, 1983

Wilson Goode elected, becoming Philadelphia's first African American mayor.

November 9, 1731

Mathematician, urban planner and inventor Benjamin Banneker born.

November 8, 1938

Crystal Bird Faucet is elected state representative in Pennsylvania, becoming the first Black woman to serve in a state legislature.

November 7, 1989

L. Douglas Wilder is elected governor of Virginia,, becoming the nation's first Black governor since the Reconstruction.

November 6, 1901

James Weldon Johnson and J. Rosamond Johnson compose "Lift Every Voice and Sing", widely regarded as the Black national anthem.

November 5, 1968

Shirley Chisolm of Brooklyn, N.Y., becomes the first African American woman elected to Congress.

November 4, 1879

Thomas Elkins patents refrigeration apparatus

November 3, 1981

Thirman L. Milner elected mayor of Hartford, Connecticut, becoming first Black mayor in New England

November 2, 1954

Charles C. Diggs elected Michigan's first African American congressman.

November 1, 1991

Judge Clarence Thomas is formally seated at the 106th associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.